Quick Answer: What Information Do Geographers Use To Map Food Deserts?

What is a food desert AP Human Geo?

Food deserts are areas with little or no access to healthy and affordable food or limited or no access to fresh fruits and vegetables.

Describe what kinds of information geographers use to map food deserts..

What does food access mean?

Food access: Access by individuals to adequate resources (entitlements) for acquiring appropriate foods for a nutritious diet. … They should not risk losing access to food as a consequence of sudden shocks (e.g. an economic or climatic crisis) or cyclical events (e.g. seasonal food insecurity).

What is one social consequence of living in a food desert?

Food deserts are indicators of more than just socioeconomic injustice; they indicate public health and safety concerns for those living within their borders. Residents with a chronic lack of access to adequate food resources are shown to have higher rates of diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular disease (Corapi).

How do they measure food in the desert?

Commonly-used area-based measures include neighborhood-level measures of the distance to a store, the number of stores, availability of shelf space devoted to specific food items, and square footage of grocery retail. Some measures also include vehicle availability rates for an area (TRF 2011, 2012).

What factors contribute to the creation of food deserts?

Areas with higher levels of poverty are more likely to be food deserts, but for other factors, such as vehicle availability and use of public trans- portation, the association with food desert status varies across very dense urban areas, less dense urban areas, and rural areas.

Who is affected by food deserts?

In 2006, 35.5 million people in the United States alone lived in food-insecure homes — especially at risk are people living below the poverty line, Hispanics, African-Americans, households with children and those headed by single women [source: USDA and Food Research and Action Center].

How can we improve food deserts?

Here are three cool ways that initiatives are finding ways to get fresh foods into underserved areas.Mobile Groceries and CSAs. Food deserts are often in urban areas, with little to no access to farms. … Zoning for Urban Agriculture. Planting abandoned lots in cities is not a new idea. … Vegetable and Fruit Prescriptions.

What was the Columbian Exchange ap human geography?

Columbian Exchange. The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus’s voyages. commercial agriculture. Agriculture undertaken primarily to generate products for sale off the farm.

What qualifies as a food desert?

Food deserts can be described as geographic areas where residents’ access to affordable, healthy food options (especially fresh fruits and vegetables) is restricted or nonexistent due to the absence of grocery stores within convenient traveling distance.

How can food deserts affect your health?

Food deserts can be hazardous to your health. … Food deserts also contribute significantly to obesity among low-income preschool children. All of which is to say, living in a food desert is not incidental, it has an independent effect on obesity and diabetes.

Where are there food deserts?

The bleakest food deserts are the actual deserts of the American West, in Nevada and Wyoming. City dwellers, particularly those in the biggest, most dense cities tend to live closest to supermarkets and have the best food access.

What are the four criteria that makes a food desert?

Differences in the definition of a food desert vary according to the: type of area, urban or rural. economic barriers and affordability of accessing nutritious foods, including the cost of transportation, price of foods, and incomes of those in the area. distance to the nearest supermarket or grocery store.

Do food deserts exist?

However, recent research questions the concept of food deserts. For more than two decades, much evidence has supported their existence, but current studies suggest people in low-income areas actually live in food swamps, where they’re inundated with a wide variety of both healthful and unhealthful foods.

Why are food deserts an issue?

The theory of the food desert is that people living in neighborhoods without access to a full-service supermarket will be more food-insecure and eat a worse diet than others. … But the main reason they are not already there is because it is difficult to make profit providing food to low-income populations.

What is the opposite of a food desert?

The opposite of a food desert is a place where there’s so much good, healthy food that much of it winds up wasted. In other words, the opposite of a food desert is much of the rest of America.

How can we reduce food deserts?

Increase the purchasing power of low-income residents. Make healthy food available in all neighborhoods. Ensure people know how to cook and make healthy food choices. Reduce demand for unhealthy food while increasing demand for healthy options.

How can we help food deserts?

3 Ways to Help Food Desert CommunitiesFind local food deserts. To find a food desert near you, enter your zip code in the USDA’s Food Desert Locator: ers.usda.gov/data/fooddesert.Volunteer at community gardens. … Donate fresh produce.